Understanding Government Corruption and Bribes in One-page
CORRUPTION – Three levels of definition from general to specific.
MOST GENERAL – Corruption: the use of power entrusted to you for the benefit of others for your private gain.
MORE SPECIFIC – Government Corruption: the use of government power for private gain (all types of private gain).
MOST SPECIFIC – Government Financial Corruption (GFC): the use of government power for private financial gain.
GFC is both the most common and most destructive type of corruption for a society. Numerous studies have demonstrated that the level of political and economic development of a nation is usually proportional to the level of government financial corruption (GFC) in that society.
Government Bribe (n): Something of value offered to or received by a government official in return for not performing what their governmental duty requires. (A bribe is defined by the motive not the actual outcome.)
Bribery (v): offering bribes to government officials - vs - Extortion (v): government officials asking for bribes
Note: Systematic government financial corruption (GFC) is a continuous dance between bribery and extortion—two sides of the same corruption coin.